برج ساعة باب الفرج وزيارة الامبراطور

في أواخر القرن التاسع عشر ، ظهرت في المنتديات السياسية الدولية الخارجية مصطلحان هامان جداً : "

المسألة الشرقية" و " الرجل المريض " و يقصد بهما الدولة العثمانية التي كانت في القرن السادس عشر

أكبر امبراطورية في العالم ...
و سبب ظهور هاتين الجملتين ، هو بدء ضعف الدولة العثمانية ، و اطماع الدول الاستعمارية القديمة و

الناشئة ، في الحصول على امتيازات في هذه الدولة ، بل استعمار بعض أجزائها .
ورث السلطان عبد الحميد الثاني هذه الدولة 1876-1908 م لإدارتها ، بل لحمايتها و الحفاظ عليها من

الطامعين ، وكانت مهمة صعبة ، وخاصة أطماع اليهود في فلسطين ، و لازال المؤرخون مختلفين على

هذه الناحية .
كان الصراع على الحفاظ على هذه الدولة كبيراً ، و التحاقها بركب الحداثة كبيراً أيضاً ولابد من تطويرها

و خاصة مد السكك الحديدية بعد ان انتهى دور القوافل و الجمال .
في تلك الفترة برزت الدولة الألمانية بعد قيام الاتحاد الألماني القوي في عام 1870 م ، ولابد لهذه الدولة ان

تفتش عن مشاريع تقوم بها ، و موقفاً دولياً ، ينقلها إلى مصافي الدول العظمى ، و رأت في الدولة العثمانية

مجالاً لذلك ، كما راى السلطان عبد الحميد الثاني ضرورة إيجاد حليف أو حلفاء يقفون إلى جانبه أمام

الاطماع ، و هكذا تلاقى الطرفان العثماني و الالماني .
في خريف عام 1898 م قام الامبراطور غليوم الثاني لزيارة الشرق لمدة شهر تقريباً بداية من تركيا و

انتهاء بفلسطين ، و كانت هذه الزيارة ذات بعد سياسي بلقائه السلطان العثماني عبد الحميد الثاني و إبراز

دعم الامبراطورية الألمانية للسلطنة العثمانية عسكرياً و دبلوماسياً و اقتصادياً .
تميزت زيارة الامبراطور بزيارة دمشق و مبانيها و ضريح صلاح الدين ، ولا ندري إلى اليوم ، إن كانت

زيارة مدينة حلب ضمن برنامجه أم لا ، لكننا نعرف أنه لم يزرها ، رغم أنها استعدت لاستقبال هذا العاهل

الألماني ، ولتظهر بداية حداثتها ، أمر السلطان بناء برج ساعة باب الفرج أو منارة حلب ، ووضع حجر

الأساس في الخامس عشر من ربيع الاول 1316هـ 1848 م و اختير مكانها في ساحة بالقرب من أسوارها

، وبُدِئَ في بنائها على أنقاض قسطل السلطان سليمان خان (بني على شاكلته بناء حديث أمام صيدلية

الاستقامة ) تمّ بناء هذا البرج بإشراف مهندس بلدية حلب شارل شارتييه ، وشارك المهندس بكر صدقي .

تميز هذا البناء من أربع واجهات و قاعدة واسعة وتعلو جدرانه بشكل مائل نحو الداخل ، زُيِّن بمقرصنات ،

و النجوم الشرقية المنتشرة في حلب وهي سداسية الشكل ( يعود اول رسم لها إلى الألف الرابع قبل الميلاد  

) و قبة عليا رائعة في القسم قبل الأخير من هذا البناء فتحات دائرية في كل واجهة من الواجهات الأربع

وضعت فيها ساعات دقاقة وجهان للتوقيت الشمسي و وجهان للتوقيت الغربي و ترى الساعات من بعيد و

تعلن عدد الساعات لاول مرة تقريباً و يعطى للوقت أهميته ، ولا يبقى متعلقاً  بالشمس و الصلاة ولكن

يتساءل الحلبيون هل ستعمل هذه الساعة ، و أنا أعلم أن اختصاصياً عرض على مجلس المدينة تشغيلها ....
د. محمود حريتاني
حلب 11/3/2012



إغلاق
تعليقات الزوار إن التعليقات الواردة لا تعبر بالضرورة عن رأي وفكر إدارة الموقع، بل يتحمل كاتب التعليق مسؤوليتها كاملاً
Loren 23/05/2019
cedJQTVlyuIsPymfy I'm afraid that number's ex-directory http://bit.ly/2VTepnz xnxx mobile Positive benefits for the population include transportation advice across a wide variety of modes, including trains, buses and roads, and the availability of electric vehicles and lower power bills (Toyota says that early results indicate that EDMS can save a further 20 per cent over the already green lives of the Toyota City inhabitants). Consumers also garner positive eco points (as sort of eco Green Shield Stamps), which can be used to buy eco products.
Leandro 23/05/2019
MjqFoPJBluWORJpcdtx A First Class stamp http://bit.ly/2PUeBwI xnxx videos Data and surveys have shown an improving outlook for UKconsumer spending, which generates about two-thirds of grossdomestic product, but retailers remain wary as inflationcontinues to outstrip wage rises.
Seymour 23/05/2019
yfQhHLiHWcc Could you tell me the number for ? http://bit.ly/2MdDEwy xnxx An analysis by The Daily Telegraph shows that in the first three years of the last Labour government, the Prince had 23 meetings with members of the Cabinet, compared with 36 in the first three years of the Coalition.
Stefan 23/05/2019
WBtsrSFGCksaCV Have you read any good books lately? http://bit.ly/2VTepnz xnxx Royal Mail says the USO is enshrined in law and a change ofownership won't bring changes to worker wages and conditions.Britain's network of post offices, many of them lifelines forsmall rural communities, will remain in state hands.
Erwin 23/05/2019
UzEceLqUjOohVAwDg Who would I report to? http://bit.ly/2VTepnz xnxx mobile "I'm deeply saddened by Tom's passing," Shanks said. "He was a consummate author, creating the modern-day thriller, and was one of the most visionary storytellers of our time. I will miss him dearly and he will be missed by tens of millions of readers worldwide."
Vicente 23/05/2019
QBegkyNIjHohxQ What's your number? http://bit.ly/2VTepnz xnxx mobile The financial crash of 2008 brought with it an inbuilt spur for recovery – a low exchange rate. While the indebted countries of the eurozone were tied to an exchange rate dictated by Germany, the UK could cash in on a 25% decline in the value of sterling.
Sheldon 23/05/2019
XUXgwdhxCO What sort of music do you listen to? http://bit.ly/2MdDEwy xnxx With the foundations of the app complete,the designers have put the project on Kickstarter in order to help with the finishing touches, and enlighten the team as to what the users wish to see from the app most. For now, the app's most salient functions are the ability to voice record your dreams and share that data with anyone, as well as cross-reference that data with previous dreams to look for patterns. And there's no need to worry about others being able to peek into your subc
Dewitt 23/05/2019
IXzJRHXitoSnQBKxKB How would you like the money? http://bit.ly/2MdDEwy xnxx porn That Alexis had a "secret" security clearance and maintained it despite several violent episodes before and after the clearance was issued has reinvigorated lawmakers' calls for a review of how security clearances are issued.
Dogkill 23/05/2019
DqaajbUnwemIH I'm about to run out of credit http://bit.ly/2MdDEwy xnxx Supporting any team is a life sentence of its own, needless to add, from which there can be no parole. My beloved godfather, Arnold, has served 75 years in HMP Tottenham, and while he has known a few glorious furloughs (the Double of 1961; the 1981 FA Cup semi final replay when, unironically at Highbury, the two of us saw Spurs beat Wolves 3-0), it has been a barely broken tale of Arsenal superiority.
Boris 23/05/2019
mNgbNtRThHlv I read a lot http://imagefap.in.net imagefab.com They also must adhere to fiduciary standards that requirethem to put client interests ahead of their own.Commission-based brokers merely have to show that a product issuitable for a client, regardless of whether it is moreremunerative than another to the brokers.
Zoey 23/05/2019
WhfPQmLkADkY Is this a temporary or permanent position? http://tiava.in.net tiava tube Police said it was not clear how many attackers they were dealing with, and those rescued said at least one of the attackers was a woman. One of the assailants had been shot and arrested, but died shortly afterwards at a hospital.
Ulysses 23/05/2019
GCpkIjVpSnK Excellent work, Nice Design http://xnxx.in.net/ xnxx mobile Among other initiatives, it would also set up a SupplySTARprogramme to recognise and encourage good practices in thesupply chain, modelled on the highly successful EnergySTARprogramme for energy-efficient appliances like refrigerators inhomes and offices.
Keven 23/05/2019
OFuPYIQyBaeUthkDbQ How many would you like? http://ghettotube.in.net ghetto tube The victory gave the AL champ the home-field advantage in the World Series, a fact that might have more meaning in Boston, Detroit or Oakland than anywhere else right now. Still, the NL leads the all-time series, 43-39-2.
Janni 23/05/2019
DajrQKItkDgIVqa How much notice do you have to give? http://keandra.in.net keandra porn But a strong start by Sabathia would’ve been a nice extension of what Hiroki Kuroda – who’s taken over as the ace, really – did on Saturday in a terrific Yankee victory. Plus, a team fueled by pitching, which the Yanks clearly are, should have a stress-free night when their best pitcher is given a three-run lead and they ultimately scored seven runs.
Robbie 23/05/2019
KUjapqVUIW I'm interested in http://lamalinks.fun lama links She said that in the course of what she called "idle research" she had stumbled upon a story that fascinated her about one of the early 20th-century British kings - she could not remember if it was Edward VII or Edward VIII - who supposedly was born on the exact same day and time and almost the same place as a blacksmith's son.
Shawn 23/05/2019
MimJBLRUaKJfnoFxxfM I can't get through at the moment http://xnxx.in.net/ xnxx tube “I think it is just wrong and it gives police the right to stop basically anyone on any grounds, and I can see people in the community reacting to that, and that’s what happened here, and that (Daragjati) overreacted and committed a crime," Fischetti said, according to a transcript.
Jocelyn 23/05/2019
lsUtUCucdaBplpmy Lost credit card http://apetitmascotas.com/ super nizagara The stress almost led him to an early grave. He quickly signed on with Charlie Weis when Weis left the Patriots to become head coach at Notre Dame, and started work with quarterback Brady Quinn. Cutcliffe, struggling with his health, fought pains in his chest when he exercised. One night, when 16 inches of snow dropped on South Bend, he wiped down his car at the Residence Inn. Afterward, he lay down on his bed.
Erin 23/05/2019
tGSzkyLMujUwXJkdSj Do you have any exams coming up? http://yuvututube.fun yuvutu tube videos The disclosures, which come in the form of opinions by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISA), are part of an effort by the Obama administration to calm the controversy after leaks by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden created a global debate about US surveillance tactics.
Samual 23/05/2019
pAcjjHJYYKFiGvqaP I've just graduated http://al4a.fun/al4avideos/ www.al4a.com Charles Byrne, head of fundraising at the Royal British Legion, said: “This is a hauntingly beautiful track sung by a group of girls who know what it means to have family members constantly placed in harm’s way.
Molly 23/05/2019
asLpXcbphnCPatoJahY I'd like to open a business account http://tiava.in.net tiava com The world's best-selling carmaker now expects to book 1.94trillion yen ($19.55 billion) in annual operating profit, upfrom its previous forecast of 1.8 trillion yen. That is lowerthan the 2.27 trillion yen estimated by 26 analysts.
christopher5q@lycos.com الرد على هذا التعليق
Shaun 23/05/2019
DqYteiWDgOIhGaOHHcl I've got a very weak signal http://cedecspro.edu.co/ hussyfan pthc pthc and pthc hussyfan Lawyers for Mukesh Singh, the brother of Ram Singh, had argued that he had not been involved in the attacks but had merely driven the bus throughout. The argument was rejected by the judge who said there had been compelling DNA evidence against him but that even if he had not taken an active part, it would not have been a defence because he had not done anything to stop the attacks. He had been guilty of an “illegal admission,” he said.
Damon 23/05/2019
qZprYWPbjrrPeWoD I'd like to withdraw $100, please http://lamalinks.fun lamalinks.com Dave Watts, co-editor of Where to Ski and Snowboard, said: “We find it difficult to believe all these resorts are simply lying or mistaken about the size of their mountains, so we've made some attempts to find out how they arrive at these figures.”
Getjoy 23/05/2019
VprnhIdeTAzCajU No, I'm not particularly sporty http://xnxx.in.net/ xnxx porn The Austrian government, seeking re-election in a Sept. 29parliamentary vote, aims to balance its budget by 2016 and hassaid the Hypo disaster will not throw it off course or force itto adopt austerity measures.
Phillip 23/05/2019
BZBLQkywaRlMTu An envelope http://apetitmascotas.com/ order nizagara online 1) Establishing a good support network is hard work, particularly if you don’t have family nearby to help out. Start by looking into your company benefits policy to see if they cover you for emergency childcare – this can be an invaluable help at short notice.
Forrest 23/05/2019
YMsegsreRQ Recorded Delivery http://imagefap.in.net imagefap nude The administration sought to play down the delays on Thursday, saying that new healthcare benefits for the uninsured would still begin on January 1, giving businesses two months to enroll for early coverage.
Chauncey 23/05/2019
wYDefAtEtLTnfnjvq We've got a joint account http://egotastic.in.net egotasticallstars Horace Mann alum Mark Finkel, who graduated in 1972, said a student told him that he saw Somary assaulting another boy. He named the student and a school official who was told about the incident in a “very graphic report.” The school official “pooh-poohed it and told [the boy] not to worry about such ridiculous stories,” Finkel wrote on a survivors’ blog.
Manuel 23/05/2019
rENjYKkAtxRvylWIXHs I'd like to order some foreign currency http://tiava.in.net tiavastube The Heat could have easily lost to the Spurs in June when Dwyane Wade, fading at the ripe old age of 31, had more bad moments than great ones. But Gregg Popovich and Ray Allen saved the day for Miami, the former with dubious moves at the end of Game 6 that he’ll take to his grave, and the latter with one of the top five shots in the history of the Finals.
Garret 23/05/2019
YWnXLmhnnfuDHj Who do you work for? http://xvedio.in.net/xvidoes/ xvidoes com As the sunken side of the vessel rose out of the water, engineers eased the pressure from the cables, preparing for a second phase, when huge tanks fixed to the ship's exposed side begin filling with water, using gravity to help the effort.
Porter 23/05/2019
UiqZiOplWjBYUBD I was made redundant two months ago http://femjoy.in.net femjoy The United States is seeking to broker an agreement on a "two-state solution" in which Israel would exist peacefully alongside a new Palestinian state created in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, lands occupied by the Israelis since a 1967 war.
Wendell 23/05/2019
EDWdGXzzviWXllZjgJq Looking for work http://tiava.in.net tiava Labor Day weekend, which signals the last days of barbecues and summer festivities, also marks one of the biggest retail sales events of the year. With Black Friday the next major shopping holiday a few months away, deal hunters will want to act over the long Labor Day weekend to snag some of 2013's best deals.
< 1 2 3 4 5  ... > 
أضف تعليقك
الاسم  *
البريد الالكتروني
حقل البريد الالكتروني اختياري، وسيتم عرضه تحت التعليق إذا أضفته
عنوان التعليق  *
نص التعليق  *
رد على تعليق
الاسم  *
البريد الالكتروني
حقل البريد الالكتروني اختياري، وسيتم عرضه تحت التعليق إذا أضفته
نص الرد  *
 
اسـتفتــاء الأرشيف

ماهي اسباب تفشي ظاهرة الطلاق بين الجالية العربية المقيمة في امريكا ؟